During a stroke, up to 1.9 million brain cells die each minute.  Rapid response, diagnosis, and treatment can therefore play a decisive role in the progression of the illness and the likelihood of long-term damage. Greater public awareness of early symptoms and deployment of the latest technological developments and treatment options constitute a major step forward for stroke patients.
When a stroke occurs, fast action is paramount. The sooner a patient receives treatment after the first symptoms begin, the better their chances of avoiding lasting impairments. Stroke is the second most common cause of death worldwide  and a leading cause of long-term disability.  Accordingly, early recognition of the first signs – such as sudden paralysis on one side of the body, impaired vision and speech, or numbness in one arm or leg or on one side of the face – can save lives. The FAST test offers a way to assess a suspected stroke in next to no time, enabling the observer to respond as quickly as possible.
Advances in stroke diagnosis and treatment
A few years later, the emergence of magnetic resonance imaging and Doppler and duplex sonography made it possible to gather detailed information on cases of stroke. Yet even the most precise diagnosis is of little use without treatment options. It was not until the development of a drug therapy (thrombolysis) in the mid-90s that acute treatment for strokes became possible. Thanks to further pioneering work, since around 2008 another option for treatment of vascular occlusions besides thrombolysis has been available: mechanical thrombectomy.
Improving treatment options and enhancing prevention with catheter therapy
There are patients who can go back to work just weeks after a major stroke. This didn’t happen five years ago. I can hardly think of another innovation in recent years that has transformed the delivery of care so profoundly for the better.Christian Loewe, MD, Head of the Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology at Medical University Vienna
Saving patients’ lives and minimizing long-term damage
The World Health Organization estimates that one in three patients must contend with lasting damage following a stroke.  Long-term complications for stroke survivors can take many forms, and depend on the size of the damaged brain area. Learn about the personal stories of three stroke patients in these videos. Discover how rapid response and treatment helped them to regain a normal life.
How digital twins could help prevent strokes in the future
-  https://strokefoundation.org.au/About-Stroke/Learn/facts-and-figures (06.05.2021)
-  https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/the-top-10-causes-of-death (06.05.2021)
-  https://www.cdc.gov/stroke/facts.htm (06.05.2021)
-  World Health Organization: „Global Burden of Stroke“. The Atlas of Heart Disease and Stroke, p. 15., https://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/resources/atlas/en/ (06.05.2021)